The Student Writer [Note]


Chapter 1 The Connection between Reading and Writing

Read Analytically

1. Step 1: Preview the Material

Grasp the whole book. Get some information. Think about the author.

What questions it will answer? What information it will provide? What do you hope it tell you?

2. Step 2: Read thoughtfully

  • Thesis, audience and purpose.
  • Facts and opinion.
  • Make Inferences.
  • Make connections(your experience and knowledge). Mark the text.
  • Quality.
  • Draw conclusion. Mark the text.

3. Step 3: Review and Write for Retention.

  • Reread the material you underline or highlighted. Understand it.
  • Review and reflect upon your material notes. Ask question.
  • Writing is an excellent way to 'set' information so you remember it.

Writing a summary

  1. Underline or list the major ideas in the section.
  2. Write an opening sentence that include the author's name, the title of the reading selection, and the thesis.
  3. After the first use of the author's full name, refer to the author with his or her last name or with a pronoun.
  4. You should use a present tense verb with the author's name.
  5. Draft the body of the summary by writing in your own words and the style the major ideas you underline or listed.
  6. If some of the main ideas are hard to express in you own words, quote them, but use quotation sparingly.
  7. Revise to be sure you have not included ideas that did not appear in the original.
  8. Check that you have used transitions to ease the flow from point to point, including repeating the author's name with a present-tense verb.

Sharing Person Reactions and Associations

Evaluating the Author's Ideas

  • Example
  • Exercise

Analyzing Visual Content

Chapter 2 Getting Started

  • Use your resources.
  • Remember writing is a process.
  • Think of yourself as a critic and an editor.
  • Understand the difference between professional writers and student writers.

The Writing Process

Choosing A Writing Topic

Pay Attention to the World around you

Freewrite(I love this way)

  • Do not stop.(5~10 minutes)
  • Record everything comes to mind. freewrite

Narrow A Broad Topic

Narrow the topic to something that can be managed in a suitable length. narrowTopi

Write A List

Considering the Patterns of Development


Map Your Topic

Establishing Your Purpose

Four Purpose:

1. To `express` feelings or ideas to the reader and/or relate experiences.
2. To `inform` reader of something.
3. To `persuade` the reader to think or act with a certain way.
4. To `entertain` the reader.


This remained me of the book "How can everybody make extrorindary persections"

Identifying And Assessing Your Audience

Like purpose, Audience shapes writing. Audience

Developing Ideas To Develop Your Topic

Idea generation techniques:

  • Freewrite
  • Write a List
  • Answer Question
  • Write A Map
  • Write a Letter
  • Investigate Sources
  • Keep a Journal ideaswritePattern topi

Developing A Preliminary Thesis

A thesis is a statement of what an essay is about. Everything you write must relate to the thesis and help prove or explain it.

The Qualities of an Effective Thesis

  1. State your topic and your opinion on that topic.
  2. Limit your thesis to one topic and one opinion.
  3. Avoid broad statements.
  4. Express your opinion in a specific words.
  5. Avoid factual statements.
  6. Write your thesis so it is not an statement.
  7. Avoid expressings such as "in my opinion", "I believe", "I think" and "it seems to me". assignment

Organizing and Drafting

Perwriting is a necessary process.

Evulating your idea. Choose those realated to your aduience, topic and opinion, thesis.

Ordering Ideas

Chronological Order

Time order. It's often used for narration or explain how to do something.

Spatial Order

You use it when you want to describe something.

Progressive Order

Order it according to how compelling it is.


  • The formal outline
  • The outline Worksheet


  • Details to generate reader interest___
  • Preliminary thesis

Parapraph - Main ideas outline

  • Supporting detalis **Conclusion **
  • Details to privde closure

  • The outline tree


Writing Your First Draft

Structuring your essay

  • The beginning
  • The middle
  • body paragraph(Topic sentence)
  • The end

The introduction

  • Provide Background Information
  • Tell a Perinent Story
  • Explain Why Your Topic Is Important
  • Present Some Interesting Images or Use Description
  • Present an Intriguing Problem or Raise a Provocative Question
  • Present an Opposing ViewPoint
  • Establish Yourself As Someone Knowlegeable About the Topic
  • Open with an Attention-Grabbing Statemnet
  • Explain your purpose
  • Find Some Common Ground to Establish a Bond With Your Reader
  • Provide an interesting Question
  • Define Something
  • Give Relevant Example

Avoid apologizing.

Body Paragraphs

  • Topic Sentence
    • Placement of the Topic Sentence(first,last)
    • Quantities of an Effective Sentence
      • Accurately state the main idea of the body paragraph.
      • State one main idea.
      • State a main related to the thesis.
  • Supporting details

    • Effective Supporting details

      • Provide adequate supporting deatils

        To provide adquate deatils, remember to show as well as tell.

      • Provide relevent supporting details.